Root Canal Treatment Everything You Need To Know

What Is A Root Canal Treatment?

When tooth decay is left untreated for a long time, it progresses into deeper layers of the tooth structure. The tooth becomes symptomatic to hot and cold foods and elicits a painful response due to the involvement of the nerve inside. At this stage, ROOT CANAL TREATMENT or ENDODONTIC THERAPY is advised.

The treatment involves the removal of the inflamed or infected pulp tissue from inside the Canals of the roots, cleaning and disinfecting it and placing a filling inside the tooth to seal the canals thus restoring the tooth and relieving pain. The tooth is then prepared to receive a full coverage crown, to protect it and improve the longevity and prognosis of the tooth and the treatment rendered.

Indications For A Root Canal Treatment

If you are experiencing one of the following symptoms, you may need to see a Dentist or a root canal specialist (Endodontist)

Severe Tooth Pain

Pain that arises suddenly and does not get relieved with taking pain medications, if the intensity of pain increases by ingesting something hot or cold, a throbbing pain while laying down or bending indicate that something is wrong with the tooth, and you may need to visit your dentist.

Broken/Cracked tooth

Any accidental injury or trauma that causes the tooth to fracture, brake or chip thus exposing the dentine or the inner pulp causing pain and inflammation to the tooth and the surrounding areas are indicative of a Root Canal Treatment to save the tooth and avoid losing it.

Discolored Tooth

Discoloration of a tooth is an indication of the death of the pulp of the tooth due to chronic tooth decay, a trauma or an untreated infection, thus causing the tooth to discolor. Extraction can be avoided, and the tooth can be saved at this stage by visiting an endodontist.

Abscess Formation

Sometimes in an untreated tooth decay, an injury or even an old broken restoration in a tooth causes the bacteria in the mouth to reach the bone underlying the affected tooth causing an infection by forming a pocket of pus. This pocket of bacterial infection is called a dental abscess and can be treated by a root canal treatment. If a dental abscess is left untreated, it may lead to systemic health problems by spreading through the blood.

Swollen Gums

This is one of the most common indications of a chronic tooth infection due to tooth decay. Usually when there is a decay involving the pulp, it causes the irritation of the gums around the infected tooth to get inflamed or even tender. In such cases, one might need to visit a dentist and seek treatment.

Benefits Of a Root Canal Therapy

There are many benefits of an endodontics therapy. The following are the reasons why one should not delay getting a Root Canal Therapy done.

  • Prevents the spread of infection.
  • Prevents tooth from being extracted.
  • Restores the form and function of the tooth.
  • Helps relieve pain.
  • Eliminates the need for expensive implants.
  • The restored tooth requires little to no maintenance.
  • The tooth is visually appealing as the permanent crown replicates the original tooth.

Treatment Procedure

This procedure is usually done by an endodontist or a dentist and will normally require one to two visits depending upon the severity of infection.

The treatment involves the following steps.


The first step is to examine the infected tooth and determine the severity of decay or infection by taking x-rays to see the level of decay and extent of pulpal involvement. An x-ray can detect if the infection has progressed into the bone and has caused a dental abscess formation.

This helps the dentist to formulate a treatment plan.


The dentist will administer a local anesthetic if required to numb the involved infected tooth as well as the soft tissues surrounding it before exploring into the tooth with the dental instruments. Once the tooth has been numbed, the dentist will now prepare the area using a rubber dam to isolate the tooth and keep it dry from saliva.

Pulp Removal

With the help of high-speed instruments, the dentist will remove any decayed tooth structure and create an access to remove the underlying infected pulp tissue.

Once the pulp is exposed, the dentist will then proceed to remove it along with blood vessels and any infected tissue. When the pulp has been completely removed, the root canals will then be cleaned and disinfected to sanitize the pulp chambers and prevent any further infection.

Shaping The Canals

Using tiny instruments called dental files, the canals are scraped to give them smooth walls and shape preparing them to receive the filling material.

Filling And Sealing

The canals are then filled with a biocompatible material to help seal the tooth root from any potential bacteria. Depending on the severity of infection the dentist may decide the type of filling necessary.

Severely decayed tooth may be filled with a temporary material and the patient may be asked to come back for further treatment, in less severe cases the tooth is permanently filled with a restorative material.

Crown Placement

The dentist Places a customized temporary crown over the prepared tooth and takes impressions for the permanent crown. The patient will be asked to return after a couple of days for the permanent crown cementation over the treated tooth. This is the last step in the root canal treatment procedure. The crown helps restore the form and function and protects the underlying tooth structure from chipping or breaking due to biting or chewing forces.

After Treatment Care

The following precautions are to be taken after the completion of the procedure.

The patient is advised not to eat or drink during the first 30 mins after the completion of the procedure.

  • Any medications prescribed by the dentist should be taken as directed and not neglected. Over the counter pain medications can be taken if mild pain persists, but in case of severe unbearable pain the patient is advised to contact the dental office immediately.
  • In case any swelling develops, applying a cold compress can prove to be beneficial.
  • If a temporary crown has been placed, then avoid eating and biting from that area till a permanent crown has been cemented to avoid the temporary crown from coming out.
  • It is advised to keep the treated tooth and the surrounding areas clean by brushing and flossing regularly and maintain hygiene.
  • It is completely normal for the treated tooth and the surrounding area to be tender for a couple of days, but if the pain becomes throbbing in nature or unbearable, it is best advised to contact your dental office as soon as possible.

Relieve Your Pain at SkyView Dental

Having unbearable, throbbing pain, do not put off seeking treatment. Our skilled dentists at SkyView Dental can treat the infectious process and relieve you of your discomfort and restore your tooth to its full form and function. Contact SkyView Dental today located in Noblesville Indiana at (317) 886-9500 or email us at to make an appointment with our experienced dentists.