Pathology is a separate speciality that was founded by the end of the 19th century. Pathologist does much of his work within the laboratory. He reports to and confers with othr doctors who directly attend to patients. Laboratory specimens that are examined by the pathologist comprise organs that have been surgically removed as well as blood and various body fluids like urine excudates, feces, feces as well as other types of specimens.

What is Oral Pathology?

Oral pathology or pathology dental is the study, diagnosis and treatment of disease in the teeth, gums, jaws, bones, glands, joints, skin and muscles around your mouth.


The common Oral Pathology diseases are as follow:


Oral Cancer


In 2021, the American Cancer Society estimates the prevalence of oral cancers (oral cavity pharynx) to be about 54,010 cases and 10,850 deaths in a year. The main cause is HPV, followed by heavy alcohol consumption, and smoking therefore a notable portion of the pain and suffering of these oral cancers are preventable. In fact, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), 30-50% of all cancers are preventable by doing things like:


  • Avoid smoking tobacco
  • Avoid Alcohol consumption in moderation
  • Limit processed meats from your diet plan
  • Maintain a Healthy weight
  • Protect yourself from sun
  • Immunizing yourself to protect against HPV
  • Practicing safe sex
  • Do not share needles
  • Performing regular oral self Check ups
  • Visit your nearest doctor, dentist and oral pathology for the dental hygienist often for regular check-ups
  • Also, ensuring an effective dental hygiene


If you spot an unusual bump or sore within your mouth, don’t put off your next appointment. See your dentist immediately.

Black Hairy Tongue

Don’t go on wordings, this doesn’t mean that black hairs grow on your tongue. Actually what happens is, dead skin cells grow on the papillae that make up the tongue’s surface and then they grow up in size about 1-millimeter long according to the American Academy of Oral Medicine. The long papillae can be susceptible to being stained by the substances we consume, leading to the dark color. Some other possible signs you could be experiencing with this disorder are:


  • A change in taste
  • Bad breath
  • The papillae with long lengths can result in a gagging or tickling sensation.

While a black-haired tongue may not look like amusement, the best part is that it’s not harmful and can be easily treated by removing the causes (like smoking) and maintaining good dental hygiene.

Candidiasis (Thrush)

Oral thrush can be an overgrowth of fungal bacteria that may result in red bumps as well as white spots in the mouth. The treatment includes treating the health issue that led to it, as well as taking antifungal drugs. There is a higher risk of developing oral thrush if you suffer from:


  • Diabetes
  • Immunity is weak
  • If you are wearing dentures or suffering from issues that can cause dry mouth, you should consult your dentist.
  • If you are taking specific medications such as prednisone, corticosteroids inhaled through your nose or antibiotics, they can alter the balance of microorganisms within your body.


Based on the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), oral thrush infection is the most frequent fungal illness as well as other signs that you could be experiencing in addition to those with red spots could include:


  • Cottonmouth
  • Loss in Taste
  • Ingestion or swallowing pain
  • Redness and cracking at the mouth’s corners.


If you have cold sores in your mouth or fever blisters, you may have symptoms of HSV-1, i.e., herpes simplex virus type 1. If so, there is no need to worry because, according to The Cleveland Clinic, over half of the population of HSV-1. It may spread from sharing utensils, beverages, lip balm, or kissing due to saliva exchange. It can even spread from skin-to-skin contact.


The basics of HSV-1 that tend to be most noticeable are:

  • A burning, tingling, or itching sensation that occurs on or around your lips
  • Swollen, red and painful blisters on your face, lips as well as on your tongue (but they can occur anywhere on your face and in your mouth)
  • Genital sores (this is typically the symptom of HSV-2; however, HSV-1 may cause genital ulcers caused by oral sexual contact)


Most of the time, HSV-1 occurs in children, but you can contract it at any age. Since there is no direct treatment for HSV-1, if you have this virus or are feeling any of the symptoms above, contact your pathology expert to see if they can recommend any antiviral creams or medication to ease your comfort.


Schedule an Appointment with our oral pathologist and start the oral treatments as soon as possible.